The activities of the Union are many and varied and it mainly push forward the efforts of Arab economic integration and activate the role of the private sector in this field. The Union organizes conferences, forums and symposia, either individually or in cooperation with specialized bodies, in addition to the issuance of publications, economic publications, the magazine and the preparation of specialized economic researches and studies.
It is worth mentioning that the Union was the first caller for the establishment of the Council of Arab Economic Unity in 1964. The Union has contributed a fundamental and effective contribution to its work when it proposed a project of establishing the Arab Joint Market which was approved by the Council of Arab Economic Unity. After the failure of this project, which hit the obstacles of retail and native issues, the Union did not hesitate to continue with the League of Arab States until the efforts succeeded in launching the Greater Arab Free Trade Area in early 1998 in preparation for the establishment of an Arab Customs Union and then the Arab Common Market.
The Union also was a called for, founded or existing when several Arab regional organizations such as the Arab Organization for Administrative Sciences and the Industrial Development Center for Arab States which is now the Arab Organization for Industrial Development and Mining (IDMO), the Arab Labor Organization and other organizations were established.